Birds – Wattled Plovers

As an example of a group of some eight or nine genera of mainly Old World forms, in which the tarsus is transversely scaled in front and reticulated behind, we may only mention the Wattled Plovers (Lobivanellus), three of the four known species of which are confined to Africa and the other to Australia. They are about a foot in length and may be distinguished at once by the presence of a distinct facial wattle and a well developed spur on the wing, as well as by a small hind toe and somewhat lobed bill. Of the several species the Senegal Wattled Plover (L. senegalus) is a striking example, being brown tinged with green above, the wings black, and the tail white crossed by a broad black bar, while the chin is white, the throat black, and the remaining under parts dove-color; the wattle before the eye is yellow tinged with orange-red. It frequents river banks and the borders of marshes, singly, in pairs, or small flocks, and feeds largely on insects and small mollusks.